intrepidguideDid you know you that January was not always the first month of the year? The ancient Romans used a different calendar system, and their year began in March and ended in February!
Even though our modern system is quite different from the ancient Romans', they gave us something very important: the name of the months. For me, the most interesting are the stories behind the months of July and August.
July was named after Julius Caesar in 44 B.C.The Roman Senate renamed the month to honor Julius Caesar for reforming their calendar, which had degenerated into a chaotic embarrassment. Bad calculations caused the months to drift wildly across the seasons. For example, January had begun to fall in the autumn.
Previously, July was called “Quintilis," which is Latin for “fifth", denoting the fifth month in the calendar.
Then in 8. B.C August was named after Augustus Caesar. When Julius's grandnephew Augustus defeated Marc Antony and Cleopatra, and became emperor of Rome, the Roman Senate decided that he too should have a month named after him.
Previously, the month of August was called “Sextillia," which was Latin for “sixth." This numbering of months in the ancient Roman calendar is still evident today. September's name comes from septem, Latin for “seven." October's name comes from octo, Latin for “eight." November's name comes from novem, Latin for “nine." December's name come from decem, Latin for “ten." #etymology #language
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